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Species-habitat relationships for estuarine fishes

 

Identifying functional relationships between habitat characteristics and suitability for fishes is necessary for proper management and conservation. Habitat distribution models can make use of large scale surveys, such as those conducted by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) to examine species-habitat relationships. We use generalized additive models, a flexible and nonparametric form of regression, to relate the occurrence of estuarine fishes (including southern flounder and red drum) to temporal, physicochemical, and benthic habitat characteristics. Our results indicate that habitat suitability of a species can be dynamic, with changes in species-habitat relationships possible within the first year of life.





Habitat connectivity within estuarine seascapes using acoustic telemetry
 
In estuarine seascapes, multiple habitat types are often distributed in close proximity and the spatial composition and arrangement of habitat patches combine complementary resources that may be beneficial to resident species. The ability to characterize how habitat types are functionally linked and identify processes influencing patterns of habitat use and connectivity in estuarine fishes is important to effectively prioritize and conserve the suite of estuarine habitats most likely to influence the production of adult fish. The goal of this project is to examine movement and connectivity of sub-adult red drum and southern flounder at two spatial scales within a model estuary (Christmas Bay, Texas). We are utilizing an acoustic positioning system in conjunction with high-resolution maps of seascapes to obtain information on movement and habitat linkages at both the habitat scale (meters) and bay/estuary scale (kilometers) within the Christmas Bay estuary. Temporal changes (diel, tidal, seasonal) in habitat use and movement are being examined to identify critical habitats and the degree of connectivity among habitat patches within an estuarine seascape.




Dr. Jay R. Rooker Department of Marine Biology
Texas A&M University @ Galveston
1001 Texas Clipper Rd, Galveston, Texas 77554

rookerj@tamug.edu 409-740-4744
Site by Third Coast


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