Writing & Research Tips
Grammar & Mechanics
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Aggie Honor System
Texas A&M University at
Definitions of Academic
4. Multiple Submission:
Submitting substantial portions of the same work (including oral
reports) for credit more than once without authorization from the
instructor of the class for which the student submits the work.
Submitting the same
work for credit in more than one course without the instructor’s
Making revisions in a
paper or report (including oral presentations) that has been
submitted in one class and submitting it for credit in another class
without the instructor’s permission.
Representing group work
done in one class as one’s own work for the purpose of using it in
Other similar acts.
appropriation of another person's ideas, processes, results, or words
without giving appropriate credit.
knowingly, or carelessly presenting the work of another as one’s own
(i.e., without crediting the author or creator).
Failing to credit
sources used in a work product in an attempt to pass off the work as
Attempting to receive
credit for work performed by another, including papers obtained in
whole or in part from individuals or other sources. Students are
permitted to use the services of a tutor (paid or unpaid), a
professional editor, or the University Writing Center to assist them
in completing assigned work, unless such assistance is explicitly
prohibited by the instructor. If such services are used by the
student, the resulting product must be the original work of the
student. Purchasing research reports, essays, lab reports, practice
sets, or answers to assignments from any person or business is
strictly prohibited. Sale of such materials is a violation of both
these rules and State law.
Failing to cite the
World Wide Web, databases and other electronic resources if they are
utilized in any way as resource material in an academic exercise.
Other similar acts.
information pertaining to plagiarism:
Instructors are responsible for identifying any specific
style/format requirement for the course. Examples include, but are
not limited to, American Psychological Association (APA) style and
Modern Languages Association (MLA) style.
Every direct quotation must be identified by quotation marks or
appropriate indentation and must be properly acknowledged in the
text by citation or in a footnote or endnote.
Prompt acknowledgment is required when material from another source
is paraphrased or summarized, in whole or in part, in one's own
words. To acknowledge a paraphrase properly, one might state: "To
paraphrase Locke's comment..." and then conclude with a footnote or
endnote identifying the exact reference.
Information gained in reading or research, which is not common
knowledge, must be acknowledged.
Common knowledge includes generally known facts such as the names of
leaders of prominent nations, basic scientific laws, etc., basic
historical information (e.g., George Washington was the first
President of the United States.) Common knowledge does not require
Materials which add only to a general understanding of a subject may
be acknowledged in the bibliography, and need not be footnoted or
end-noted. Writers should be certain that they have not used
specific information from a general source in preparing their work
unless it has been appropriately cited. Writers should not include
books, papers, or any other type of source in a bibliography, “works
cited” list, or a “works consulted” list unless those materials were
actually used in the research. The practice of citing unused works
is sometimes referred to as “padding.”
Footnotes, endnotes, and in-text
One footnote, endnote, or in-text citation is usually enough to
acknowledge indebtedness when a number of connected sentences are
drawn from one source. When direct quotations are used, however,
quotation marks must be inserted and acknowledgment made. Similarly,
when a passage is paraphrased, acknowledgment is required.
products, and visual aids:
All graphics, design products, and visual aids from another creator
used in academic assignments must reference the source of the
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