Barbouria cubensis (von Martens, 1872)
Synomyms: Hippolyte cubensis von Marten, 1872
Taxonomic Characterization: Eyes pigmented but reduced and with faceted cornea, narrower than stalk. Carapace and rostrum forming continuous arch dorsally; 3 dorsal teeth on carapace posterior to caudal margin of orbit. First pereiopods with well developed chelae. Second pereiopods with chelae of subequal size, carpus and merus multiarticulate. Carpus and propodus of third through fifth pereiopods multiarticulate. Endopod of first pleopod without retinacular hooks. The color of the species is variable. For Bermuda specimens, Hart & Manning (1981) reported that the body in life is red to pale yellowish to cream, with numerous tiny white spots, changing in light from cream to reddish. The cornea is black, and the antennae and walking legs are white.
Disposition of Specimens: National Museum of Natural
History, Smithsonian Institution, catalog numbers USNM 184018-20 for Bermuda
Ecological Classification: Stygobitic
Size: Postorbital carapace length about 12 mm.
Number of Species in Genus: One; Janicea antiguensis (Chace, 1972) has been removed from the genus Barbouria and placed in a new genus.
|Barbouria cubensis: species range|
Habitat: Anchialine limestone caves and pools open to sunlight.
Ecology: Found free-swimming in brackish pools (salinity of 11-19 ppt) both within and outside of caves.
Life History: Adult males and females are superficially indistinguishable (Hobbs, 1978).
Conservation Status: Restricted to anchialine caves and pools.
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