Cirolana (Cirolana) troglexuma Botosaneanu & Iliffe, 1997
Taxonomic Characterization: A completely depigmented, anophthalmous cirolanid. It is devoid of coarse cuticular ornamentation and is unable to roll into a ball.
Cephalon roughly semicircular, lateral margins depressed in their anterior half,
also posterior margin depressed; no rostrum or rostral point is present. In
contrast with all species in the subgenus Anopsilana, this species has
rather well developed setation on the endopodites of pleopods III and IV, a
unique situation for a stygobitic Cirolana.
Ecological Classification: Stygobitic
Size: Adult females' length ranges from 7.5 to 10 mm.
Number of Species in Genus: Some 102 species, mostly marine intertidal or shallow water; only one species, Cirolana (C.) troglexuma, is stygobitic in the subgenus Cirolana.
Genus Range: Worldwide marine distribution.
Species Range: Originally described from Oven Rock Cave, Great Guana Cay, Exuma Cays, Great Bahama Bank, Bahamas.
Later discovered from Basil Minn's Blue Hole on Great Exuma Island and from Big
Fountain Blue Hole on Cat Island.
Cirolana (C.) troglexuma: after Botosaneanu & Iliffe, 1997
Closest Related Species: C. troglexuma shares many traits with
species from the subgenus Anopsilana. The subgenera are distinguished by the presence
(in Cirolana) or absence (in Anopsilana) of setation on the endopodites of pleopods
III and IV.
Habitat: Anchialine limestone caves
Ecology: They were free-swimming, at depths of 0-22 m in fully marine salinity water (35 g/l).
Life History: No females with oostegites have been found. The male of this species remains unknown.
Evolutionary Origins: C. troglexuma is closely related to species in the subgenus Anopsilana but is separated from them by the presence of well developed setation on the endopodites as mentioned above. It thus belongs to the predominantly marine subgenus Cirolana.
Conservation Status: Know from two anchialine caves in the Exuma Cays and one cave on Cat Island.
Contributor: Lazare Botosaneanu, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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