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Grand Bahama

Description: Grand Bahama, 108 km long by 11 km wide, is the fourth largest island in the Bahamas. The land is low and swampy in some places, with dense pine forest covering the higher ground. The north coast is primarily mangrove swamps and shallow creeks bordering the interior of the Little Bahama Bank. The south coast has coral reefs lining a steep dropoff into very deep waters.

Click here to view the full size image Grand Bahama Island. Grand Bahama Island (26.5 N, 78.5 W) is located on the southwestern side of the Little Bahama Bank.
Date Taken: February 1994
NASA Photo ID: STS060-86-021


Principle Inland Blue Holes
Grand Bahama

    Lucayan Caverns
    Owl's Hole - Mermaid's Lair

Sweetings Cay

    Zodiac Caverns
    Asgard Blue Hole
    Lucy's Cave

Principle Ocean Blue Holes
Grand Bahama

    Cemetery Blue Hole
    Chimney Blue Hole

Anchialine Fauna of Grand Bahama

Phylum Arthropoda (arthropods)
Subphylum Crustacea (crustaceans)
Subclass Ostracoda (ostracods)
    • Spelaeoecia sagax Kornicker, 1990
Order Decapoda (decapods)
Infraorder Caridea (shrimp)
Order Isopoda (isopods, pill bugs)
Order Amphipoda (amphipods)
Order Mysidacea (mysids, opossum shrimp)
Order Thermosbaenacea (thermosbaenaceans)
Class Remipedia (remipedes)
Phylum Chaetognatha (arrow worms)
Class Sagittoidea (sagittoideans)
Phylum Chordata (chordates)
Class Osteichthyes (bony fish)


  • Cunliffe, S. 1985. The flora and fauna of Sagittarius, an anchialine cave and lake in Grand Bahama. Cave Science, 12(3):103-108, 2 figures, 7 plates, 1 table.
  • Heath, L.M. and R.J. Palmer. 1985. Hydrological observations on the karst of Eastern Grand Bahama. Cave Science, 12(3):99-101, 2 figures, 2 plates.
  • Palmer, R.J. 1985. The Blue Holes of Eastern Grand Bahama. Cave Science, 12(3):85-92, 14 maps.
  • Palmer, R.J. and L.M. Heath. 1985. The effect of anchialine factors and fracture control on cave development below Eastern Grand Bahama. Cave Science, 12(3):93-97, 4 figures, 4 plates.

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