Projects

Project Quick Links by Principal Investigator (PI)/Author

Selected Current Projects

Dr. Samuel D. Brody

Dr. William Merrell

Dr. Patrick Louchouarn

Dr. Wesley Highfield

Dr. Jens Figlus

Dr. Thomas L. Linton

Dr. Shannon Van Zandt

Past Projects

Dr. Walter Peacock

Dr. Shannon Van Zandt

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If We Lose Folletts Island, We Lose Coastal Communities and Christmas Bay: A Geological Framework and Numerical Model Study of the Sustainability of Folletts Island
Duration: January 2014-December 2015
Sponser: Texas Sea Grant/NOAA
Funding Amount: $261,793
PI: Jens Figlus 
Co-PI: Timothy Dellapenna
Abstract:
Folletts Island (FI) is the most culnerable section of the Texas Coast and experience alarming rates of erosion, with shoreline retreat ranging from 30-320m since 1978. As the main goal of this study we propose to modify and calibrate a process-based numerical model to predict cross-shore morphology changes of entire barrier island systems. We intend to quantify historic morphology changes of FI as well as hypothetical future changes based on numerical model simulations. This will be accomplished using an existing cross-shore morphology change model in combination with the collection and evaluation of high-resolution bathymetry, topography, hydrodynamic, and sediment concentration data. One of the main results from this study will be the provision of a decision-making tool for coastal managers and stakeholders to assess local risk vulnerability of a barrier island system and aid in long-term planning for development and beach nourishment, as well as dune and marsh restoration efforts that will keep the entire system at a healthy balance to protect the Texas coast and preserve the barrier island-bay ecosystem.

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Innovative Technology Seaweed Prototype Dunes
Duration: February 2014-August 2015
Sponser: Texas General Land Office and Galveston Park Board of Trustees
Funding Amount: $148,775
PI: Jens Figlus
Co-PI: Tom Linton and Robert Webster
Abstract:
A healthy beach-dune syste is the economical and the most aesthetically pleasing natural coastal protection against storm surge and wave attack. Unfortunately, large stretches of Galveston Island lack a proper dune system. At the same timeTexas beaches experience frequent seaweed (Sargassum) landings that can be up to 2 feet in height for a single landing, practically blocking access to the water for beach users. The intent of this project is to utilize the seaweed wrack material of heavy landings to build and reinforce coastal dunes in a sustainable fashioon without disturbing the upper beach template. The whole project includes several components: prototype construction, monitoring, development of a seaweed baler, and wave flume testing. Two prototype dunes will be constructed at the high tide line, one on the western part (Spanish Grant) and one on the eastern part (Apffel Park) of Galveston Island. Each of those dunes will be comprised of two sections-one with new seaweed reinforcement, one without. The seaweed reinforcement will be in the form of compacted Sargassum, i.e. "seabales" which will be incorporated into the berm of the dune and covered with sand. The evolution of these test dunes (seabale composition, spurred vegetation growth, erosion due to storms, etc.) will be monitored throughout the project lifetime. The hypothesis to be put to the test is whehter the seabale reinforced dunes provide more resilience against storm surge and wave attack due to the added strength of the compressed Sargassum material in the short term and the enhanced growth of dune vegetation in the long term. Additionally, continued application of the process could help to sustain and grow healthy dune systems over time. In order to prepare seabales from Sargassum wrack landings a specialized machine will be developed based on modified hay baling and beach cleaning equipment. Laboratory tests will be conducted to determine the mechanical properties of the Sargassum material in its natural and compressed states. Furthermore, wave flume tests of model dunes will aid in finding the optimal configuration of the fortified dunes. After successful completion of this pilot project the concept could be extended to large stretches of the Texas coast potentially improving currently employed coastal maintenance strategies and providing an answer to the question many Texas beach goers have: "What to do with the  Sargassum?"

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Collaborative Research: Ridge-Runnel Post-Storm Beach Recovery-Hydrodynamics, Sediment Transport and Morphodynamics
Duration: 2013-2016
Sponsor: Ocean Sciences OCE-Marine Geology and Geophysics (NSF)
Funding Amount: $110,641
PI: Jens Figlus
Abstract
The research objectives of this proposal will significantly advance understanding of hydrodynamics and sediment transport processes associated with ridge and runnel (RR) systems. RR systems are common on many beaches throughout the world and represent one of the key mechanisms for post-storm beach recovery. Despite their importance they remain poorly understood, primarily because of a lack of detailed dield observations. To redress this, we propose a thorough field experimental campaign and data analysis effort to quantify the detailes hydrodynamics and sediment transport processes that drive morphologic evolution associated with these features.

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The stress nexus of coastlines: Population development, infrastructure security, and morphological dynamics of the Upper Texas Gulf Coast
Duration: 2013-2016
Sponser: Rice University Shell Center for Sustainability
Funding Amount: $207,000
PI: Jeffery Nittrouer
Co-PI: Sam Brody, Jaimie Padgett, Philip Bedient
Research Assistant: Russell Blessing
Abstract
With this proposal, we will conduct a one-year study that assesses environmental, developmental, and infrastructure sustainability of the Upper Texas Gulf Coast. Coastal regions are arguably the most dynamic landscapes on Earth's surface that, under natural conditions, are subject to continuous growth and destruction of land. Coastal regions also offer extraordinary natural resources and are therefore relied upon for societal welfare; consequently, coastlines are inhabited >60% of the world's population (Vorosmarty, et al., 2009). We emphasize that single-discipline studies are insufficient to address the complex environmental and social issues that will be encountered along coastal landscapes in the coming decades. Infrastructure development and population growth of coastal landscapes continues to grow, despite estimates that global sea-level rise and severe storm frequency and magnitude associated with climate change will increasingly impact coastal geomorphology. With this study, we will demonstrate that with integrative studies, "the whole of the research group is greater than sum of the individual components", and thereby we seek to provide a template for coastal sustainability research that will be used to help guide additional research that will be used to help guide additional research and appropriate development planning for 5-10 decades.

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Survey of Preferences for Wave-Based Flood Risk Reduction Strategies in Harris County, TX
Duration: 2013-2014
Sponser: Houston Advanced Research Center/United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Funding Amount: $132,146
PI: Sam Brody
Co PI: Wesley Highfield
Abstract
The Center for Texas Beaches and Shores and the Institute for Sustainable Coastal Communities at Texas A&M University at Galveston will conduct a public opinion survey of Harris County residents on wave height and storm surge impact reduction strategies. We will select a scientific sample of 2,000 residents and administer a mail survey to identify risk perceptions and stated flood mitigation preferences associated with wave impacts caused by coastal storms. Results of the study will help identify public perceptions of flood risk and preferences among a range of mitigiation techniques to reduce wave heights during storm events.

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Flood Risk Reduction Colloquium with Delft University, Netherlands
Duration: July 2013
Sponser: National Science Foundation
Funding Amount: $27,230
PI: Sam Brody
Abstract
In recognition of this lack of knowledge and systematic evaluation of coastal vulnerabilities, Texas A&M University at Galveston and Delft University partnered to hold a colloquium on flood risk reduction in the Netherlands during the summer of 2013. This event brought together graduate students and faculty members from both institutions representing a diversity of disciplines, including coastal engineering, hydrology, marine science, economics, and planning. Participants came together for four days to share their ongoing research and develop a joint future research agenda on coastal flood risk reduction within the two countries. 
Objectives: 
Exchange information on probabilistic modeling, geospatial analysis, and structural and nonstructural mitigation techniques as applied to the Gulf of Mexico 
Application of Dutch flood risk reduction research methods, policies, and mitigation techniques to the Gulf Coast region
Acquiring and sharing on risk reduction approaches in coastal areas
Facilitating research experiences and learning for students at Texas A&M University
Pursuing joint peer-reviewed publications on flood risk reduction in comparable coastal areas in the Netherlands and Gulf of Mexico coastlines.

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Examining the 100-year Floodplain as a Metric of Risk, Loss, and Household Adjustment
Duration: 2011-2013
Funding Agency: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Funding Amount: $312,801
PI: Sam Brody; Co-PIs: Wesley E. Highfield, Michael Lindell
Research Assistants: Russell Blessing, Joshua Gunn, Tak Makino, Patrick Doty
Abstract
As flood losses continue to increase in the United States, recent evidence suggests that the 100-year floodplain (the primary marker of flood risk and mitigation) is neither accurate nor sufficient in guiding communities and household decisions to mitigate the adverse impacts of floods.  The inability of the floodplain designation to effectively capture the likelihood of property loss has left potentially millions of property owners unaware of the flood risk and has made it more difficult for local decision makers to ensure community development occurs in a resilient manner.  This project examines the effectives of the 100-year floodplain in predicting property damages from floods and offers improved criteria for assessing risk of inundation in low-lying coastal areas.  First, we will spatially examine the record of insured property damage at the household level from 2000-2009 for a sample of coastal counties along the Gulf of Mexico.  Second, we will analyze statistical models to predict insured property damage from floods using proximity and built environment measures not traditionally used to determine floodplain boundaries.  Finally, we will conduct a survey of households claiming losses both in and out of the floodplain to understand the perceptions of flood risks and motivations to mitigate their potential adverse impacts. 
This research will provide important information to decision makers on how to implement more precise strategies to reduce the costs of floods at the local level.  An improved understanding of flood risk will enable localities to better protect themselves against loss of property and lives in coastal areas.  Research findings will also help individuals living outside the floodplain, but still at high risk for flood damages reduce the chances they will experience devastating losses in the future.  To this end, a major part of the research project will be to deliver findings that can be easily accessed and understood by both public officials and local residents.  First, we will integrate our data on flood loss and areas of risk an existing web-based GIS system that currently serves as a technical assistance and outreach tool.  Second, we will work with local neighborhoods that have become hotspots of flood loss to increase awareness of the problem and provide options for reducing future loss. Third, we will bring results from our study into the classroom as part of graduate and undergraduate studies across two college campuses.  Through these approaches, we will ensure our research findings assist local governments and individual households on how to better reduce the negative impacts of coastal flooding in the U.S.

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Examining the Relationship Between Land Use Change, Wetland Alteration, and Carbon Sequestration in the Gulf of Mexico
Duration: 2011-2013
Funding Agency: NASA
Funding Amount: $400,000
PI: Patrick Louchouarn
Co-PI: Anna Armitage, Wesley Highfield, Samuel Brody
Students/staff Employed: TBD
Abstract
Our proposed study will examine the relationship between land use change, wetland vegetation shift/loss, and carbon (C) sequestration on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico (GOM). By combining field calibration with analysis of remote sensing imagery to detect land cover change, we aim to better understand the amount of carbon sequestration capacity lost from the alteration of naturally occurring estuarine wetlands over the last decade.

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Debris Management After Severe Hurricanes and Storms
Duration: Spring/Summer 2011
Funding Agency: Houston Advanced Research Center
PI: Wesley Highfield
Students/staff Employed: Carland Holstead

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Dickinson Bayou On-Site Sewage Facilities (OSSF) Optimization Model
Duration: Spring/Summer 2011
Funding Agency: TCEQ & Texas Coastal Watersheds Program
Funding Amount: $136,016
PI: Wesley Highfield
Co-PI: Samuel Brody
Students/staff Employed: Russell Blessing, Patrick Doty, Kevin Crosby
Abstract
This project will assemble and incorporate data layers into a Geographic Information System. Specifically, we will assemble a geodatabase of pertinent spatial data for the Dickinson Bayou watershed, including by not limited to soil characteristics, hydrography, topography, wetlands, wastewater treatment plants, and current OSSF locations. We will also construct a GIS model that evaluates and prioritizes mitigation of failing OSSF locations.  This model will be based on the location, density, and age of OSSF sites.  These spatial OSSF measures will be evaluated against the risk of water quality deterioration using factors such as proximity to natural drainage and wetlands, low soil infiltration rates, and impervious surface. 
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Galveston Futures: Developing a Disaster Resilient Community
Author: William Merrell
Co-Authors: Tanveerul Islam and William Seitz
Abstract
Galveston futures is a cooperative venture, involving residents, architectural experts, urban planners and elected leaders, that strives to envision a resilient, sustainable and unified community on Galveston Island by encouraging civic participation in municipal planning. For Galveston’s survival, it is essential to the livability and resilience, especially to coastal disasters, into the concept of sustainability.
Link: Galveston Futures(PDF File) This Paper describes different projects that have been taken to accomplish the mission of the Galveston Futures. 
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The Ike Dike: A Coastal Barrier Protecting the Houston/Galveston Region from Hurricane Storm Surge
PI: William Merrell
Link: Ike Dike Homepage
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Advancing the Resilience of Coastal Localities: Developing, Implementing and Sustaining the Use of Coastal Resilience Indicators
Duration: 2007 - 2010
Funding Agency: National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Coastal Services Center (CSC)
Funding Amount: $299,922
PI: Walter Peacock
CO-PI: Sam Brody, Bill Seitz, Bill Merrell, Bob Harris
Students Employed: Josh Gunn
Abstract
Texas A&M University (TAMU), Texas A&M University at Galveston (TAMUG), and the Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC) are working together to develop a suite of Community Resilience Indicators (CRIs) (Activity 1) and a comprehensive strategy for not only gaining community support and input into their development and implementing but also undertake future training (Activity 2) in the use of CRIs to enhance coastal community resilience along the Gulf Coast. Our project will also be closely integrated with the University of New Orleans's project in Louisiana. Drawing on two projects whose strengths are complementary on indicator development and yet offer two unique approaches for gaining and sustaining community involvement will yield implementation strategies that include a collaboratively-developed plan to develop and implement CRIs in a range of community settings. The PIs will work closely with the Coastal Services Center (CSC) to develop strategies that fully address the available and future resource and services support of these communities.

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Developing a Living Laboratory for Examining Community Resiliency and Recovery After Disaster
Duration: 2009 - 2011
Funding Agency: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Funding Amount: $374,036
PI: Shannon Van Zandt
CO-PI: Sam Brody, Wesley E. Highfield, Yu Xiao, Walter Peacock.
Abstract
The proposed research will build upon several existing research initiatives along the Texas coast to provide a “living laboratory” for examining community recovery after a disaster. Prior to Hurricane Ike, the Texas Coastal Communities Planning Atlas documented the physical, environmental, regulatory, and social development patterns present along the Texas Coast (see coastalatlas.tamug.edu). Data collection under NSF SGER # 0901605 built on this background information to provide immediate data on impact, dislocation, and early repair and rebuilding decisions associated with Hurricane Ike. These data provide the baseline measures for our proposed research measure community recovery at multiple scales over a three-year period. Using the original sample analyzed from our quick response grant referenced above, we will establish a series of panel studies of households, housing units, business owners, businesses, and business structures to track recovery trajectories and adaptive learning. A geo-coded parcel-level dataset allows us to aggregate units to draw conclusions at multiple scales, including the household, neighborhood, and community.

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Sargassum Early Advisory System (SEAS)
Duration: 2014
Funding Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Funding Amount: $100,000
PI: Thomas Linton
Abstract
Texas A&M at Galveston Sargassum Early Advisory System (SEAS) team has been funded by NASA - Stennis Space Center (SSC) to expand this predictive model to include an automated processing system that will deliver timely information on Sargassum landings on the on Texas Coast.  This information will be included within a website application that can be loaded onto smart phones for ease of use.The first component of the of the project consists of gathering  baseline oceanographic data  from the beginning of the Sargassum Loop System located on the east and west coast of Puerto Rico since these two passages narrow the area of investigation to facilitate data collection.Similar data will be collected in the near coastal waters of Texas.The second component of the project is the developing of an application (“App”) that can be mounted on “Smart Phones” for monitoring movement of Sargassum in the Gulf of Mexico. There are software programs available to assist in this development.
Texas A&M at Galveston roles and responsibilities in the Sargassum project are:
1.   Continue to provide the SEAS forecasts using the manual process developed in the previously NASA funded ROSES project.
2. Document the existing SEAS algorithms, processes and tools used to generate the Sargassum
forecast.
3.   Assist in the development of automated algorithms to detect Sargassum and forecast its trajectory and landings.
4. Help evaluate the automated application.
5. Continue to engage the Texas coastal managers to ensure their continued utilization of the forecasts and their active participation in the evaluation of the automated application
6. Continue to work with SSC to broadly publicize the benefits of this project.

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Structures of Long-Term Disaster Recovery
Duration: 2014-2015
Funding Agency: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Funding Amount: $300,000
PI: Shannon Van Zandt (TAMU), Michelle Meyer (LSU)
Students/staff Employed: Fareen Islam (MUP), Ricardo Rojas (MUP)
Research Objectives:
• Describe the networks of organizations working on recovery in each community, including who is included and excluded, various organizational roles, leadership, objective and latent goals for the network as a whole, and use of pre-existing community networks or collaborations
• Compare and contrast the process and dynamics of recovery network formation, maintenance, dissolution, or transformation to describe the quality of social capital among organizations, including how trust, transparency, organizational capacities, and resources affect these processes.
• Elucidate the participants’ perceptions of recovery network effectiveness and its importance to community recovery and their own organizational goals as well as expose the concerns, issues, and challenges that different structures of recovery create from the view of those intimately involved.
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The Adoption and Utilization of Hazard Mitigation Practices by Jurisdictions along Gulf and Atlantic Coasts
Duration: 2012-2015
Funding Agency: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Funding Amount: $440,000
PI: Walter Gillis Peacock
CO-PI: Shannon Van Zandt (TAMU), Himanshu Grover (U Washington)
Students/staff Employed: Emily Tedford (MUP), Amy Albright (BS)
Research Objectives:
• Examine the adoption and the implementation of broad-based hazard mitigation policies that can enhance hazard mitigation within local jurisdictions (counties and municipalities) along the Atlantic and Gulf coastal
• Examine the influence of local capacity and commitment in the adoption and extent of hazard mitigation regulations, policies, and strategies; and
• Focus on the broader socio-political ecology for planning practice by examining the consequences of factors on various jurisdictional mitigation practices and profiles.

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RAPIDO Rapid Housing Recovery Prototype
Duration: 2014-2015
Funding Agency: Community Development Corporation of Brownsville and bcWORKSHOP
Funding Amount: $20,000
PI: Shannon Van Zandt
Students/staff Employed: Katie Barbour (MUP)
Research Objectives:
• Craft the policy recommendations of the RAPIDO [RGV Rapid Housing Recovery Program]. Key outcomes will include understanding and documenting statues and regulations that affect in the implementation of the RAPIDO approach at local, state and national governmental scales.   
• Create a report to outline how this disaster recovery process differs from historical disaster relief and recovery processes, such as Sandy in the North East, and the Hurricane Katrina recovery in New Orleans, Louisiana and Biloxi, Mississippi.  

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Hurricane Evacuation Study
Duration: 2014-2015
Funding Agency: Army Corps of Engineers
Funding Amount: $300,000
CO-PI: Walter Gillis Peacock (HRRC), Shannon Van Zandt (HRRC), Andy Mullins (Texas A&M Transportation Institute)
Students/staff Employed: John Park (Ph.D URSC), Alex Abuabara (Ph.D URSC)
Abstract
The Texas Valley Area (VSA), which includes Willacy, Cameron, and Hidalgo Counties, is an area prone to hurricanes and other severe weather events. This area should make use of the best available analytical techniques and scientific modeling capabilities to ensure safe evacuation of all residents
under any potential severe weather event. The techniques used in this study will consider population demographics, potential storm surge effects, vulnerability analysis, and evacuation transportation routes to support the evacuation goals. This study will also use existing data from prior storms, and
will evaluate data from potential storms under current and projected conditions as influenced bynew factors such as climate change and sea level rise.
Research Objectives
1. Evaluate potential evacuation zones based on data analysis from new storm surge inundation
risk area mapping for the VSA completed July 2013.
2. Conduct vulnerability analysis of surge risk areas establishing the populations and critical
facilities that are potentially vulnerable to hurricane-induced surge flooding under a variety of
hurricane scenarios and increased sea level rise from climate change.
3. Conduct analysis using the Real Time Evacuation Planning Model (RtePM) to predict evacuation
clearance times needed to safely evacuate the VSA population for a range of hurricane threats
and scenarios, incorporating existing data from the vulnerability analysis and the public
evacuation behavior analysis completed September 2013.

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Galveston Bay Estuary Program Status and Trends Project
Duration: 2014-2016
Funding Agency: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ)
Funding Amount: $118,644
PI: Sam Brody
Project Manager: Stuart Carlton
Research Assistant: Morgan Wilson, Yoonjeong Lee
Abstract
The overall objective of this project is the continued maintenance of the Galveston Bay Status and Trend Databases. For more than 40 years federal, state and local agencies and organizations have monitored the health of Galveston Bay. Many databases exist describing the Bay's water and sediment quality, living resources, and land use and land cover. The Galveston Bay Estuary Program (GBEP) of the TCEQ has sought to acquire these databases and analyze them in relation to one another, with the intent of applying  for this information to decisions addressing priority management issues raised in the GBEP's The Galveston Bay Plan regarding the ecological health and integrity of the bay. The Status and Trends Maintenance Project is seen as vital in GBEP's efforts to make informed decisions, build partnerships, and inform the public.

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NSF Hazard Enabling Program
Duration: 2014-2016
Funding Agency: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Funding Amoun: $349,725
PI: Deborah Thomas (U Colorado)
CO-PI: Brian Gerber (UC Denver), Sam Brody (TAMUG)
Abstract
As a relatively small subset of many different disciplines, the interdisciplinary hazards/disasters/risk field relies on a continuous influx of young scholars simultaneously committed to their own disciplines and to the theoretical and applied aspects of hazards, disasters, and risk.The program fosters research that is crucial to advancing knowledge in the hazards/disasters/risk field, as well as ensuring that the next generation of interdisciplinary scholars has a foundation for development.
Objectives
• Identifying and recruiting a diverse cohort of well-trained, early career academic researchers who either have already begun, or have an intention to undertake, cutting edge research about the socio-technical aspects of the interrelated areas of hazards/disasters/risk.
• Identifying and recruiting a diverse cohort of leading academic researchers in the hazards/disasters/risk field to serve as committed mentors to the cohort of the Fellow students.
• Developing a highly focused and effective mentoring and training program for the Fellows in order to enhance their knowledge and expertise in support of their current and future research efforts.
• Providing guidance to the Fellows, through the planned workshops, mentoring system and additional learning opportunities on developing research proposals for funding by federal, state, and private entities.
• Providing the Fellow cohorts continued engagement opportunities through ongoing research presentations and other hands-on learning opportunities during the program period to increase their continued interest and commitment to hazards/disasters/risk field.
• Supporting the Fellows in framing, writing, and publishing research papers in highly regarded disciplinary and interdisciplinary journals with their mentors assistance.
• Providing guidance to the Fellows in learning how they can make key contributions to both the broader hazards/disasters/risk field, as well as retaining a key identity in their respective disciplines; a point of considerable concern for junior faculty in the promotion and tenure process.
• Assisting in the development of a Fellow’s key research project idea such that a Fellow will be able to submit a complete funding project to the NSF, other similar agencies, and/or have their complete research project published as a research article.

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An Integrated Assessment of Flood Risk Reduction on the West End of Galveston Island
Duration: 2014-2015
Funding Agency: Galveston Island West End Homeowners Association
Funding Amount: $51,000
PI: Sam Brody
CO-PI: Wes Highfield
Research Assistant: Russell Blessing
Abstract
This project will involve an integrated economic, engineering, and aesthetic analysis of flood risk reduction to storm surge on the west end of Galveston Island.  Researchers at Texas A&M Galveston will examine the implications of constructing a levee in dune (LID) surge barrier along the beachfront and on Route 3005.
Research Objectives
1.Changes in insurance exposure and expected flood losses: research will quantitatively examine at the parcel level the reduction in insurance premiums that would be recognized by taking properties behind a barrier out of the floodplain.  Research will also be conducted on the development implications of barrier placement and the potential cumulative vulnerabilities of this growth over the long term.
2.Engineering and design considerations: researchers will derive several preliminary design concepts for LID barriers using both engineering calculations, as well as physical model tests.  Based on these tests, numerical model simulations will be performed to better understand the effectiveness of barrier designs. In particular, we will examine the different levels of protection ranging from the US-standard USACE protection from a “one in 100 year storm” to the extreme protection of “one in10, 000 year storm” now standard used on parts of the Dutch Coast. Also, strategies combing the effects of barrier protection in conjunction with elevated communities will be examined. Preliminary cost-analysis for each alternative will also be conducted and matched against expected economic benefits.
3.Aesthetic and functionality considerations: landscape architects on the team will generate a series of renderings that help visualize barrier design and placement. This component of the overall research is to better understand how a LID barrier will integrate into the existing landscape, serve as a community amenity and economic asset, and link the west to the east end of the island.
4.Complementary mitigation techniques: researchers will build on the analyses described above to examine the economic implications of other flood mitigation and protection strategies that complement a LID surge barrier on the west end of the island.  These techniques could include elevating existing structures above base flood elevation (freeboard), setbacks for development on undeveloped properties, open space protection, etc.  Particular attention will be paid to understanding the costs versus the expected benefits of various mitigation techniques.

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Flood Risk Reduction
Duration: 2012-Present
PI: Sam Brody, William Merrell, Bas Jonkman
Students/staff Employed: Yoonjeong Lee, Russell Blessing, Morgan Wilson, William Mobley, Kayode Atoba
Abstract
The Flood Risk Reduction Project (FRRP) is based on a partnership between five institutions, including Delft University in the Netherlands to examine flood risk reduction strategies for the Upper Texas Coast.  Partners include: Texas A&M at Galveston; Texas A&M at College Station, Department of Landscape Architecture and Urban Planning; Jackson State University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering; University of Houston, C.T. Bauer College of Business; and Delft University, Department of Hydraulic Engineering.  Each institution brings a specific expertise that when combined offer an opportunity for researchers to conduct a comprehensive-synergistic analysis of flood risk and reduction around Galveston Bay, Texas.

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CTBS Partners

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For Questions About CTBS Please Email Dr. Sam Brody at sbrody@tamu.edu

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